Our definition of Creativity is:
‘The ability to come up with ideas or artefacts that are novel, valuable and substantive’
From our research, five main elements have consistently appeared in relation to creativity. They are ‘state of being’, play, natural preferences, dynamic movement, and self-determination/ intrinsic motivation. Each term is defined below:
State of Being: the emotional, mental and physiological condition of a person
Play: when a person engages in an activity for enjoyment and recreation rather than a serious purpose
Natural Preference: a person’s natural inclination or spontaneous reaction
Dynamic Movement: the continuous motion of personal experience that is of a non-linear and spontaneous nature.
Self Determination / Intrinsic Motivation: “behaviours that are volitional and accompanied by the experience of freedom and autonomy—those that emanate from one’s sense of self” (Ryan and Deci, 2000).
- Ryan, R.M., and Deci, E.L. (2000a). Self-Determination Theory and the Facilitation of Intrinsic Motivation, Social Development, and Well-Being. American Psychologist, 55(1): 68 – 78.
- Ryan, R.M., and Deci, E.L. (2000b). Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivations: Classic Definitions and New Directions. Contemporary Educational Psychology. 25: 54–67